The 75th anniversary of the United Nations in 2020 is an opportune moment to reassess its past performance and future potential. [---] This exploration focuses on the political processes through which the UN works, particularly in its primary organ for peace and security issues, the Security Council. Despite limitations and detractors, there are strong arguments for the continued relevance of the Council; however, it is equally clear its work could be more legitimate and effective with further reform. What follows are observations about the evolution of Security Council operations and decision-making over the past ten years. [---]